Asynchronous Apex in Salesforce

  • By Komal Wavare
  • October 11, 2023
  • Salesforce
Asynchronous Apex in Salesforce

Asynchronous Apex in Salesforce

Asynchronous Apex in Salesforce refers to the execution of code outside the normal processing flow of a Salesforce transaction. Instead of running immediately, asynchronous processes are scheduled to execute at a later time. This concept is essential for handling long-running operations, preventing transaction timeouts, and optimizing system performance.


Why Asynchronous Apex Matters?

Handling Large Data Volumes: Salesforce is not just a CRM; it’s a data management platform. As your data volumes grow, you may encounter issues with governor limits and execution timeouts. Asynchronous processes help you overcome these limitations.


Improved User Experience: Users expect responsive applications. Asynchronous processing ensures that your Salesforce application remains responsive and doesn’t get bogged down by time-consuming operations.


Long-Running Operations: Certain tasks, such as data migrations, integrations, and batch processing, can take a significant amount of time. Asynchronous Apex allows you to delegate these tasks to run in the background, freeing up resources for other operations.


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Use Cases for Asynchronous Apex

Batch Processing: One of the most common use cases for asynchronous Apex is batch processing. It enables you to process records in chunks, efficiently handling large data volumes. Empower your career with Salesforce classes in Pune. Unlock the potential of this leading CRM platform. Enroll now for expert guidance and hands-on training


Scheduled Jobs: Use scheduled jobs to automate tasks, such as sending daily reports or performing data clean-up operations during off-peak hours.


Future Methods: Future methods allow you to offload time-consuming operations triggered by user interactions to ensure a smooth user experience.


Queueable Apex: Queueable Apex provides a more flexible alternative to future methods, allowing for better chaining of asynchronous processes.


Platform Events: Asynchronous processing can also be triggered by platform events, enabling real-time integration and event-driven architecture.


Benefits of Asynchronous Apex

Optimized Performance: By moving time-consuming operations out of the synchronous transaction, you improve overall system performance and responsiveness.


Governor Limits Mitigation: Asynchronous processes have their own set of governor limits, which are often more permissive than those of synchronous code. This mitigates governor limit issues.


Scalability: As your data and user base grow, asynchronous processing scales with your needs, ensuring your application remains efficient.


Error Handling: Asynchronous processes can handle errors more gracefully by logging them and allowing the main transaction to proceed without failure.


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Best Practices for Asynchronous Apex

Bulkify Your Code: Always ensure that your asynchronous code is capable of handling large data volumes to avoid hitting governor limits.


Use Proper Exception Handling: Implement robust error handling and logging mechanisms to capture and troubleshoot any issues that may arise during asynchronous processing.


Monitor and Analyze: Keep an eye on the performance of your asynchronous jobs using Salesforce’s monitoring tools and logs to identify bottlenecks or areas for improvement.


Consider Limits: While asynchronous processing has more relaxed governor limits, it’s essential to understand and work within those limits to avoid unexpected issues.


Testing: Comprehensive testing, including unit tests and integration tests, is crucial to ensure the reliability of your asynchronous code.


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Asynchronous Apex with examples:

Future Methods:


Purpose: Future methods are used to make asynchronous calls from synchronous contexts. They allow you to perform tasks in the background and are commonly used for operations like sending emails or making HTTP callouts.Transform your career with Salesforce training in Pune. Master the world’s #1 CRM platform. Join now for expert-led training and propel your success





public static void sendEmailAsync(String recipient, String subject, String body) {

    // Send an email asynchronously

    Messaging.SingleEmailMessage email = new Messaging.SingleEmailMessage();

    email.setToAddresses(new List<String>{recipient});



    Messaging.sendEmail(new List<Messaging.SingleEmailMessage>{email});



Queueable Apex:

Purpose: Queueable Apex allows for more controlled execution of asynchronous tasks and is suitable for complex processing. You can enqueue jobs for execution and pass data to them.




public class MyQueueable implements Queueable {

    public void execute(QueueableContext context) {

        // Perform asynchronous operations




// Enqueue the job

MyQueueable job = new MyQueueable();



Batch Apex:


Purpose: Batch Apex is used for processing large sets of records in smaller chunks. It’s ideal for complex data processing tasks like data transformations, updates, or inserts.




global class MyBatch implements Database.Batchable<sObject> {

    global Database.QueryLocator start(Database.BatchableContext bc) {

        return Database.getQueryLocator(‘SELECT Id FROM Account’);



    global void execute(Database.BatchableContext bc, List<Account> scope) {

        // Process records in chunks



    global void finish(Database.BatchableContext bc) {

        // Perform post-processing tasks




// Start the batch job

MyBatch batchJob = new MyBatch();



Scheduled Apex:

Purpose: Scheduled Apex allows you to schedule code execution at specific times or on a recurring basis. It’s useful for automating tasks like data clean-up or report generation.




global class MyScheduledJob implements Schedulable {

    global void execute(SchedulableContext ctx) {

        // Perform scheduled operations




// Schedule the job to run daily at midnight

String cronExpression = ‘0 0 0 * * ?’;

System.schedule(‘MyScheduledJob’, cronExpression, new MyScheduledJob());

Platform Events:


Purpose: Platform Events allow you to publish and subscribe to events within Salesforce or between Salesforce and external systems. They facilitate real-time event-driven architecture.



// Publish a platform event

EventBus.publish(new MyEvent__e(Field1__c = ‘Value1’, Field2__c = ‘Value2’));


Asynchronous Triggers:

Purpose: Asynchronous Triggers, also known as Asynchronous Trigger Handlers, allow you to execute logic after a record has been inserted, updated, or deleted without delaying the user’s interaction with the system.



trigger MyTrigger on MyObject__c (after insert) {

    // Perform asynchronous operations here


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These are the primary types of Asynchronous Apex in Salesforce, each serving different purposes. Choosing the right one depends on your specific use case and the complexity of the task you need to perform asynchronously. By leveraging Asynchronous Apex, you can optimize the performance and scalability of your Salesforce applications while providing a better user experience.



Komal Wavare

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