Important SOC Questions For The Interview

  • By Rajat Sharma
  • June 19, 2024
  • Cyber Security
Important SOC Questions For The Interview

Important SOC Questions For The Interview

Prepare for your interview with these Important SOC Questions For The Interview. Enhance your knowledge and boost your chances of success in the SOC.


Q  What is a Security Operations Center (SOC)?

        A SOC is a centralized unit that deals with security issues on an organizational and technical level, monitoring, detecting, and responding to security incidents.


Q   What are the primary functions of a SOC?

              Incident detection, incident response, security monitoring, threat intelligence, and compliance reporting.


Q     What tools are commonly used in a SOC?

                SIEM (Security Information and Event Management), IDS/IPS (Intrusion Detection/Prevention Systems), firewalls, antivirus software, and endpoint detection and response (EDR) tools.


Q    What is the difference between IDS and IPS?

         IDS (Intrusion Detection System) monitors and alerts on suspicious activity, while IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) can take action to block or prevent the activity.


Q   Explain the role of an SIEM in a SOC.

            SIEM collects, correlates, and analyzes log data from various sources to identify and alert potential security incidents.


Q  What are false positives and false negatives in the context of SOC operations?

       A false positive is an alert that incorrectly indicates a threat, while a false negative is a missed detection of a real threat.


Q   How do you prioritize security incidents?

               Based on factors like the potential impact, severity, and criticality of the affected assets, as well as the exploitability and threat intelligence.


Q    What is a playbook in a SOC?

                   A playbook is a predefined set of procedures and actions to follow when handling specific types of security incidents.


Q   Describe the incident response lifecycle.

Preparation, identification, containment, eradication, recovery, and lessons learned.


Q   What is threat intelligence, and how is it used in a SOC?

     Threat intelligence is information about threats and threat actors used to inform security decisions and improve defenses.


Q  Explain the concept of the Cyber Kill Chain.

         A model that describes the stages of a cyber attack, from reconnaissance to exploitation and exfiltration.


Q    What is the MITRE ATT&CK framework?

              A knowledge base of adversary tactics and techniques used to improve threat detection and incident response.


Q  How do you handle a ransomware incident?

            Isolate the affected systems, identify the ransomware, attempt to restore from backups, and possibly engage law enforcement.


Q  What is lateral movement in cybersecurity?

         When an attacker moves within a network to gain access to additional systems and data after an initial compromise.


Q What is a security incident?

    An event that indicates a possible breach of a security policy or failure of safeguards, potentially compromising information integrity, confidentiality, or availability.


Q How do you perform log analysis?

         By collecting and reviewing logs from various sources to identify patterns, anomalies, and signs of security incidents.


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Q What is a zero-day vulnerability?

        A security flaw that is unknown to the vendor and has no available fix, is potentially exploitable by attackers.


Q What is network segmentation, and why is it important?

          Dividing a network into smaller segments to limit the spread of attacks and improve security management.


Q What is an advanced persistent threat (APT)?

                A prolonged and targeted cyber attack is where an attacker gains and maintains access to a network to steal data over an extended period.


Q How do you stay updated on the latest security threats?

       Following threat intelligence feeds, security blogs, industry news, and participating in cybersecurity forums and training.


Q Explain the importance of patch management.

  Regularly applying patches to software and systems to fix vulnerabilities and protect against exploits.


Q What are honeypots, and how are they used?

      Decoy systems are set up to attract and analyze attacker behavior, providing insights into their methods and targets.


Q What is phishing, and how do you defend against it?

                  A social engineering attack where attackers trick individuals into revealing sensitive information is defended against through user education, email filtering, and multi-factor authentication.


Q What is data exfiltration, and how do you detect it?

                   Unauthorized transfer of data from a network, detected through monitoring for unusual data transfer patterns and volume.


Q Explain the principle of least privilege.

         Granting users and systems the minimum level of access necessary to perform their tasks to reduce the risk of unauthorized access.


Q What is endpoint detection and response (EDR)?

            Solutions that monitor endpoints to detect, investigate, and respond to suspicious activities and threats.


Q How do you handle insider threats?

        Implementing monitoring, access controls, and user behavior analytics to detect and mitigate risks from within the organization.


Q What is a DDoS attack, and how do you mitigate it?

           A Distributed Denial of Service attack overwhelms a system with traffic, mitigated through rate limiting, traffic filtering, and using DDoS protection services.


Q What is a SOC 2 report, and why is it important?

        A report that provides detailed information about a service provider’s controls relevant to security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy, ensuring trust and transparency.


Q Describe your experience with incident handling and response.

      Sharing specific examples of past incidents you have managed, detailing your role, actions taken, and outcomes achieved.


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