Introducing to the world of Mobile Testing: Step By Step Mobile Application Testing Process

  • By Revati Raspayle
  • October 10, 2020
  • Software Testing
Introducing to the world of Mobile Testing: Step By Step Mobile Application Testing Process

Today, the mobile phone is a very initial and basic need to do everything. Whether it be simply looking for directions or ordering food or availing a cab service, all can be done using a mobile phone. This makes it possible due to the wonderful world of mobile applications. In this article, we will be talking about the mobile testing process of such applications. Below is the list of topics discussed in this blog:


  • Introduction to Mobile Application Testing
  • Why is Mobile Application Testing Important?
  • Approaches to Mobile App Testing
  • Advantages of Mobile Testing Automation
  • Key Challenges in Mobile Application Testing

Introduction to Mobile Application Testing

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Mobile application testing is the process every application developed for handheld devices easily and freely. This, obviously, is to assure a certain level of quality before an application is released into the market place (app store or play store). Mobile application development life cycle (MDLC) generally tends to be much shorter than others, hence, heavily depend on mobile application testing for their success. Applications get tested on the basis of security, functionality, their usability, etc. This increases the general efficiency of the application on all fronts while also increasing the reliability factor amongst users.

Why Is Mobile App Testing Important?

How does a user decide which app to download for a certain purpose? Nine years ago, this question could have generated a host of answers, depending on personal choice and what not. Today, it depends on two things:

  • Ratings

  • Reviews

Daily, mobile phones users install new app’s on the basis of reviews and ratings, which are directly related to how good your application performs. This has made mobile application testing is so important. With a host of mobile phones out there with different operating systems (OS), processing capacity and screen sizes testing has evolved into essential process in the software development process. New features keep users entertained while quick bug fixes make sure that nobody uninstalls app, making mobile testing essential for an app’s survival.

Now we understand the basic concept of mobile application testing and its importance, let’s go ahead towards the different approaches of mobile testing.

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Approaches to Mobile Application Testing

Following are the two approaches for testing mobile applications on the basis of how they are performed.

 

Manual Testing

Manual testing, as the name clearly suggests, means it’s a human process that is majorly focused on user experience. Analysis and evaluation of the application’s functionality, security, and usability are done through the medium of a user in an explorative process. This make sure that your application lives up to a standard of user-friendliness. This type of testing is generally time consuming as it takes more time to recognize a bug. Therefore, as a rule of thumb, 25% of an application testing should be performed manually through the help of alpha and beta releases, while the remaining should be automated.

Now, let’s move towards automated mobile application testing.

Automated Testing

Automated testing is the another approach to mobile application testing. In this process, an array of test cases are set up, which should generally cover 80 percent of the testing process. The percentage is not a rule but it’s general guideline which is followed by software industry. Below is a list of test cases that are generally carried out through this particular approach:

  • Automate most tedious manual test cases
  • Automate test cases those can easily automate
  • Automate test cases for most regularly used functionality
  • Automate test cases that are not possible to perform manually
  • Automate test cases with predictable results

Advantages of Mobile Testing Automation

Automation of mobile testing has proven to be really helpful to IT industry. Following is a list of advantages that come along with the automation of mobile application testing:

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  • Increases testing efficiency
  • Enhances regression test case execution
  • Saves a bunch of time, while also executing more test cases
  • Same test scripts can be performed again and again
  • Test scripts can be run parallelly on multiple devices

 

Key Challenges in Mobile Application Testing

Mobile application testing vary from the traditional process of testing web/desktop applications. This means it comes with its own challenges.

The major challenge is due to the variety of mobile devices in the market. Today, there are a bunch of screen sizes, hardware options, software versions, operating systems(OS) etc. As of 2018, there are more than 70,000 Android devices on the market, and some of them have even started adopting the notch fashion, which brings in challenges of its own. Let’s discuss about the major issues faced in mobile application testing:

  • Quick Rollouts – Mobile application in industry is one that acts upon bugs quickly, always thinking about new features and functions. The faster it gets rolled out,  longer an applications remains trending.
  • Multi-Platform Compatibility – Apart from Android and iOS, there are a bunch of other operating systems (OS) executed across a multitude of platforms. This only increases the time taken to test a certain application.
  • Connectivity Modes – Mobile phones are subjected to different ways of connectivity, for e.g, 4G , roaming, edge, etc. Applications must be tested in all these various manner.
  • End-to-End Testing – The mobile phone production demands that application which merge seamlessly and able to access data from the backend to be produced on the frontend, without any issue. Due to the various nature of mobile phones, this becomes a laborious task.
  • Availability of Tools – There are a number of tools available in market that automate mobile application testing. Choosing the right tool for our mobile application is essential to the successful and efficient testing of the application.

 

Top 5 Factors to Keep in Mind While Doing Mobile Application Testing 

But our mobile app testing experts listed some top 5 points which helps you to overcome mobile application testing challenges


  • Browser compatibility

 As per the mobile application testing concepts, Before developing a particular mobile app, one must decide which devices your target prospect would be in abundance. This will helps to rolling out a designated set of metrics to evaluate during the testing procedure. 

This may vary from an XML HTTP request object to CSS support. Secondly, there should also be browser support as without the apt browser there might be a lot of glitches that might take place.

As any mobile app testing company would vouch for, with the increasing pace of dynamicity, users tend to change the browsers frequently. Hence you should be able to detect the poor performance of a particular browser and should get rid of it as and when the need arises.  Browser checks also give the testers rendition clarity. As sometimes the fault is not of the browsers but with the versions of the browsers. While you test on cross-browser tools in order to achieve for all-round compatibility. However, if there are financial and budget constraints then you might work towards completely removing the older browser version. 

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  • Device  Compatibility

Since we are talking of mobile devices hence we can’t take the accessibility out of questions. Since there are a excess of devices available in the market today hence it is necessary to be able to be compatible with the majority of them per the user base. The mobile device market is too large and is vulnerable to change in a rapid manner. Hence chalking out common testing criteria is a difficult job. In this case, making a note of dated devices and getting rid of them is the best possible thing. Post which creates a test sheet that narrows down the criteria as per the device. Make sure to include basic metrics such as ease of downloading, time taken to install and updates download etc. A proper device usability testing using standard usability testing tools rules out a lot of bugs in the initial stage of mobile application testing.

 

  • Network compatibility

Network connectivity is one of the important factor that affects mobile applications in a huge way. This is mainly due to carrier data that helps half of the applications function. Hence it becomes critical to test mobile apps in a varied network environment. There are a number of network simulators and emulators available that can helps testing of mobile application against a plethora of factors such as the , limitations of the bandwidth, connection-related errors, network speed. Network testing is one of the most crucial aspects of mobile testing as for a particular application to be successful it is very important for an application to perform well across network environments. 

  • Security Testing

With the apps covering a large aspect of our day to day functionality it becomes mandatory for the testers to ensure the security of the product. Mobile apps contain a lot of sensitive information be it personal photos, messages, bank details, passwords, transaction details, etc. With such pivotal information at stake, security is one of the core components of mobile app testing.  At this point make sure that your testing module fits to test the in-app permissions, Device ID, no of login attempts, app certificates, etc to name a few. 

  • Cloud-based mobile application

Cloud-based mobile application testing makes easier management, especially of the complex and infinite testing scenarios. It gives an combined environment for testing mobile applications. The cloud-based mobile applications also helps in reducing the collective time to market as it saves a lot of time on setting up an on-premise solution. The core highlight of this type of testing is that it occurs in real-time so that all the defects are identified while the tests are running. 

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In Conclusion

Mobile testing for a website is quite a difficult job due to the intricacies of the application and the aspects that it caters to. However, the above five points help  to design an effective mobile application testing plan and generalize the core things that a tester can keep in mind while starting out at cloud testing for mobile applications.

Author:

Revati Raspayle,
SevenMentor Pvt Ltd.

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