K-Folds Cross-Validation in Machine Learning

  • By Sagar Gade
  • April 16, 2024
  • Machine Learning
K-Folds Cross-Validation in Machine Learning

K-Folds Cross-Validation in Machine Learning

Discover the robustness of K-Folds Cross-Validation in Machine Learning. Learn how this technique optimizes model performance by dividing data into K subsets for comprehensive validation. Explore its applications and benefits now.


Cross-validation is a technique used in machine learning to assess how well a trained model generalizes to new data. It involves partitioning the dataset into subsets, training the model on some of these subsets, and then evaluating it on the remaining subset(s). The process is repeated multiple times, with different subsets used for training and evaluation each time. 


The most common form of cross-validation is k-fold cross-validation, where the dataset is divided into k subsets (or folds). The model is trained k times, each time using k-1 folds for training and the remaining fold for evaluation. The final performance metric is typically the average of the evaluation results from each iteration. 

Cross-validation helps to provide a more reliable estimate of a model’s performance than simply splitting the dataset into a single training set and a single test set, especially when the dataset is small or when the data is imbalanced. It also helps to detect overfitting, as it assesses the model’s performance on multiple subsets of the data. 


For Free, Demo classes Call: 7507414653

Registration Link: Machine Learning Training in Pune!


Other variations of cross-validation include stratified k-fold cross-validation (which ensures that each fold has a similar distribution of classes) and leave-one-out cross-validation  (where each data point is used as a separate test set). 


Uncover the profundity of AI skills with our arranged rundown of inquiries questions. From crucial ideas to cutting-edge calculations, plan thoroughly and unhesitatingly for your next Machine Learning interview questions.


from sklearn.model_selection import KFold 

from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression 

from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score 

import numpy as np 

import pandas as pd  

# Load the dataset 

df = pd.read_csv(“insurance_data.csv”) 

X = df[[“age”]] 

y = df[[‘bought_insurance’]] 

# Define the number of folds for cross-validation 

k = 5 

# Initialize the KFold object 

kf = KFold(n_splits=k, shuffle=True, random_state=21) 

# Initialize an empty list to store the accuracy scores 

accuracy_scores = [] 

# Iterate over each fold 

for train_index, test_index in kf.split(X): 

 # Split the dataset into training and testing sets for this fold 

 from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split 

 X_train,X_test,y_train,y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.3, random_state=21)   # Initialize and train the model 

 model = LogisticRegression(max_iter=1000) # Example model, you can replace it with  any other model 

 model.fit(X_train, y_train)  

 # Predict on the testing set 

 y_pred = model.predict(X_test) 

 # Calculate accuracy and append to the list 

 accuracy = accuracy_score(y_test, y_pred) 


# Calculate the average accuracy across all folds 

average_accuracy = np.mean(accuracy_scores) 

print(“Average Accuracy:”, average_accuracy)


Do visit our channel to learn More: Click Here 


Sagar Gade

Call the Trainer and Book your free demo Class for Machine Learning Call now!!!

| SevenMentor Pvt Ltd.

© Copyright 2021 | SevenMentor Pvt Ltd

Submit Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *