Routing in SAP PP

  • By Prahlad Pawar
  • April 26, 2024
  • SAP
Routing in SAP PP

Routing in SAP PP

Routing in SAP PP (Production Planning) refers to the sequence of operations necessary to manufacture a product. It’s a basic element in SAP PP that defines the production process, including work centers, operations, and their sequence. Here’s a breakdown of key components of routing:

1. Operations:

  • Description: Operations define the individual tasks or steps required to manufacture a material.
  • Attributes: Each operation has characteristics such as operation number, description, work center, control key, activity type, standard values (such as setup time, machine time, labor time), and dependencies on predecessor operations.
  • Activity Type: It represents the type of work being performed (e.g., machine setup, labor, machine usage) and is used for cost calculation.
  • Control Key: Find out how the system processes the operation, such as whether it’s automatic or manual, whether it requires inspection etc.

2. Work Centers:

  • Description: Work centers are physical or logical locations where operations are carried out.
  • Capacity: It specifies the maximum workload that the work center can handle within a given time frame.
  • Scheduling Information: It Includes parameters like lead time, queue time and capacity utilization.
  • Attributes: Each work center has characteristics such as work center ID, description, capacity, shift sequences and scheduling information.
  • Shift Sequences: Define the working hours and shifts for the allocated work center.

3. Routing Steps:

  • Description: Routing steps define the sequence of operations required to manufacture a material.
  • Attributes: Each routing step consists of an operation number, description, control key, work center, duration (setup time, processing time), and any other applicable information.
  • Setup Time: Time required to make ready the work center and resources before starting the actual production.
  • Sequence: Specifies the order in which operations should be carried out.
  • Processing Time: Time required to finish the operation.


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4. Alternative Sequences:

  • Description: Alternative sequences allow for defining multiple routing options for manufacturing the same product.
  • Selection Criteria: Criteria based on which the system chooses the appropriate routing sequence for production.
  • Use Cases: Useful when different production lines or methods can be used to produce a product.

5. Resources and Capacities:

  • Description: Routings look at the capacities and capabilities of work centers.
  • Resource Requirements: Define the resources needed for each operation, including materials, tools, and personnel.
  • Integration: Integrated with Capacity Planning in SAP PP to ensure optimal resource utilization.

6. Integration with other SAP Modules:

  • Material Master (MM): Routings are linked to materials in the Material Master, giving information on how the material is manufactured.
  • Plant Maintenance (PM): Routings give maintenance-related information for equipment and resources used in production.
  • Sales and Distribution (SD): Routings are mainly used for lead time calculations and availability checks during the sales order processing.

Routings in SAP PP are the pillar of production planning and control, giving a detailed roadmap for manufacturing processes and enabling efficient utilization of resources. They facilitate flawless integration with other SAP modules, ensuring end-to-end visibility and optimization of production operations.

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