Servlets in Java

  • By Anil Giri
  • March 20, 2023
  • JAVA

Servlets in Java

Servlets in Java are Java-based web components that are used to generate dynamic web content. They are server-side programs that are used to handle HTTP requests and generate responses back to the client. Servlets have become a standard for developing web applications, especially those based on the Java platform. This blog post aims to provide an in-depth introduction to Servlets, their benefits, and how they work, with code examples. 

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What are Servlets in Java?.

It is a server-side program that can be used to create dynamic web pages by processing and generating responses to HTTP requests from clients.  Servlets are also used to implement web applications such as online shopping carts, discussion forums, and online banking systems. 


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Benefits of Servlets in Java

1. Portability: Servlets are platform-independent and can run on any platform that supports Java, making them highly portable. 

2. Performance: Servlets are designed to handle multiple requests concurrently,  making them ideal for high-traffic web applications. 

3. Security: Servlets provide a secure way to access web resources, ensuring that users can only access what they are authorized to see. 

4. Scalability: Servlets are easy to scale horizontally, allowing web applications to  handle an increasing number of users without sacrificing performance. 

How do Servlets work?  

When a client makes an HTTP request to a web server, the web server passes the request to the appropriate Servlet. The Servlet then processes the request,  generates a response, and sends it back to the client. Servlets use the  javax.servlet package to handle HTTP requests and responses. 

Creating a Servlet Creating a Servlet involves three steps: 

  1. Create a Java class that extends the javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet class. 
  2. Implement the doGet() or doPost() method, depending on the HTTP  method used in the request.
  3. Register the Servlet in the web.xml file. 


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Example Of Servlets in Java

Here’s an example of a basic Servlet that responds to HTTP GET requests: import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; 

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; 

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; 


public class HelloWorldServlet extends HttpServlet { 

protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse  response) throws IOException { 


response.getWriter().println(“<html><body><h1>Hello,World!</h1></body></ht ml>”); 



In this example, we create a Java class called HelloWorldServlet that extends the  HttpServlet class. We then override the doGet() method to handle HTTP GET  requests. The doGet() method sets the content type of the response to  “text/html” and generates an HTML response that says “Hello, World!”.

Registering a Servlet To register a Servlet, we need to add it to the web.xml file.  Here’s an example: 

<web-app xmlns=”” 

 xmlns:xsi=””  xsi:schemaLocation=” web-app_2_4.xsd”  version=”2.4″> 












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In this example, we define a Servlet called HelloWorldServlet and map it to the  /hello URL pattern. This means that when a client makes an HTTP request to, the web server will pass the request to the  HelloWorldServlet.

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Anil Giri

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