Stock Transport Orders

  • By
  • November 7, 2022
  • SAP
Stock transport orders

Stock Transport Orders

We can use stock transport orders (STO) to transfer goods from one plant to another of the same company code or one plant to another plant of different company codes. A purchase order is created in STO so material can be easily tracked by analyzing purchase order history. 

 

Process steps involved in transferring goods from one plant to another plant of the same company code 

 

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  1. Create the Stock transport order 

We can create a stock transport order (STO) by using transaction ME21N and selecting document type UB (stock transport order). We can enter the supplying plant, material, receiving plant & quantity. We can also maintain different conditions such as delivery cost. We should use item category U for the stock transport order 

  • Post the goods issue from the supplying plant 

To post the goods issue (GI) from the supplying plant we can use transaction MIGO_GI (i.e. in MIGO we can use transaction goods issue with reference to STO purchase order number) 

  • Post the receipt of the goods into the receiving plant.

To post the goods receipts (GR) into the receiving plant we can use transaction MIGO_GR (i.e in MIGO we can use transaction goods receipt with reference to STO purchase order number ). The system will update the stock quantity in to the storage location of receiving plant. Here in this step the system cant not create an accounting document because at the time of the goods issue we have already made account postings. SevenMentor is One of the best SAP Training in Pune  

 

Stock transfer from one plant to another plant of different company code 

We can transfer stock from one company code plant to another company code plant via stock transport orders (STO) without the actual involvement of the sales and distribution (SD) department. This process is similar to a stock transfer from one plant to another of the same company code.

 

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Intercompany Purchases

We know that a corporate group can have multiple company codes within an SAP system. In this scenario, one company in the corporate group may procure goods from another company. However, SAP gives intercompany stock transfer via the sales & distribution component, which is easier and more user-friendly than using the sales and purchasing cycle.

 

There are two ways to do intercompany stock transfers via the sales & distribution component

 

Stock transport order with delivery via shipping

Stock transport orders with delivery via shipping can use purchasing, shipping, and inventory functions.The stock transport order (STO) is generated by the plant of the receiving company code and the plant of the supplying company code generates a delivery document and issues goods. Once the material is received at the receiving plant the receipt of the goods is posted by this plant. Delivery costs may be entered in the stock transport order. In this scenario, the system can generate material as well as accounting documents when the goods issue is posted. 

 

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Stock transport order with delivery and billing document/ invoice

Stock transport orders with delivery and billing can use the purchasing, shipping, sales billing, inventory management, and invoice verification functions. The stock transport order (STO) is generated by the plant of the receiving company code. The plant of supplying company code generates a delivery document and issues the goods. Once the material is received at the receiving plant the receipt of the goods is posted by this plant. The plant of supplying company code creates the billing document via the sales and distribution (SD) billing transaction and the receiving company code can post the invoice via the material management (MM) invoice posting transaction. In this scenario, Accounting documents are generated for the goods issue, the goods receipt, billing and the invoice receipt.

 

Author:-

Prahlad Pawar

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