Top 20 Java Interview Question & Answers

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  • June 24, 2024
  • JAVA Programming
Top 20 Java Interview Questions & Answers

Top 20 Java Interview Questions & Answers

Discover the Top 20 Java Interview Questions & Answers. Master key concepts and prepare effectively to ace your next interview with these essential insights.

1. What are some of the principal concepts of OOPS in Java?

Java is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language with four principal concepts which are as follows:

  • Abstraction
  • Polymorphism
  • Inheritance
  • Encapsulation.


2. What is Abstraction in Java?

Abstraction in Java programming means the act of representing essential features without adding background details or explanations within your code.  The abstraction enables a simplistic coding style for Java.


3. What is Polymorphism?

Polymorphism can be directly described as a single interface with many implementation features within Java programming. Polymorphism allows programmers to code for something in different contexts. This is specifically, to allow an entity such as a variable, a function, or an object to have more than one form.


4. What is Encapsulation?

Encapsulation is a method in Java programming that can be used for hiding the properties and behaviors of an object. This enables code restriction and allows access to the programming code only to appropriate threads. Thus encapsulation in Java prohibits other objects or software code to directly alter the properties or methods of the encapsulated object.


5. Can you note the difference between Abstraction and Encapsulation in Java?

Abstraction is concerned with an object’s external perspective (i.e. the API in Java). Clients are shielded from its core perspective. At the same time, encapsulation works by information hiding secured data processes. Thus, while encapsulation serves as the execution node, abstraction handles the issue in question on the design level.

The outputs of abstraction are encapsulation, however, the reverse may not be true. Encapsulation hardly mentions organizing your conceptualization according to the requirements of the programmer.


6. List all the benefits of the Java Programming language.

Among the important characteristics of the programming language Java are:

  • Straightforward: Learning Java is as simple as it can be amongst all programming languages. There’s an obligation to grasp each of the core ideas of OOP Java. but with relative ease
  • Security: Java includes a protected component that helps in creating a system that is free of malware and tampering for customers.
  • OOP: Object-Oriented Programming Language is what can also be called OOP in short. OOP means that every single entity is treated as such in Java.
  • Autonomous Environment: Java is converted into environment-independent bytecode rather than into an operating system that is particular to any one platform. The Virtual Machine that powers the computing system interprets the code through its emulator.


7. What do you get in the Java download file? How do they differ from one another?

We get two major types of downloadable files within the Java development module. 

Difference Between JDK and JRE


8. What is a ClassLoader?

A Java classloader is a subsystem within the Java Virtual Machine. This tool is required for class files to be loaded while executing the program. In theory, the ClassLoader tool is one of the first to load the executable file. Normally the Java Virtual Machine has Bootstrap, Extension, and Application category of classloaders.


9. Can you note the types of Memory Allocations available in Java?

There are 5 main types of memory allocations in Java. These are defined as follows:

  • Class Memory
  • Program Counter-Memory
  • Native Method Stack Memory
  • Heap Memory
  • Stack Memory


10. Please explain the differences between Heap and Stack Memory.

Top 20 Java Interview Questions & Answers


11. In Java programming is there any value stored in Local Variables by default?

In Java programming, there is no default value saved in any of the primitives, object references, or local variables. However, the values can be assigned during the coding.


12. What do you think is the output of the below Java code?

public class SevenMentor   




    public static void main (String args[])   




        System.out.println(“SevenMentor Institute Pune”);   


        System.out.println(“Best Java Institute is” + 4 + 3 + “M” );  






> The output of above code will print the following statements.

SevenMentor Institute Pune

Best Java Institute is 7M


For Free, Demo classes Call: 020-71173125

Registration Link: Java Classes in Pune!


13. How is polymorphism implemented in Java programming?

Java uses inheritance, overloading, and overriding to accomplish polymorphism in its code. Multiple approaches with an identical identity are examples of polymorphism in Java.

There are instances where distinct formal parameter lists correspond to the same function name (overloaded methods). In other scenarios, a set of methods (overridden methods) share the same nominal parameter list, return type, and name.


14. Describe the numerous polymorphism types of Java.

Run-time polymorphism and compile-time polymorphism are the two main categories of polymorphism in Java. The overloading method is also known as compile-time polymorphism. Polymorphism at runtime is achieved through the use of inheritance and interface mechanisms for Java.

Students should know that from the perspective of practical programming, polymorphism in Java can be used in three different forms:

  • Overloading Polymorphism
  • Inheritance-based Polymorphism
  • Interface Polymorphism


15. What is dynamic method dispatch in Java?

 The dynamic method dispatch is often known as runtime polymorphism in Java. When calling an overridden polymorphism in Java it is handled at runtime rather than compile time. This process is activated in real time and is thus known as runtime polymorphism or dynamic method dispatch. 


16. Describe the principle of Method Overloading in Java.

Method overloading in a Java class is a concept of the same name but different parameter lists. This feature can be coded thanks to method overloading architecture in Java. In practice, coders can use this technique to give their class variable more flexibility while executing the code.



int add(int x, int y);


double add( x, y);


Although the methods here share the same name, “add,” they take distinct parameter categories into account. This is a standard Java procedure that is useful when new Java developers deal with class and method design.


17. What is a Static Code in Java?

In Java, a static code does not belong to instances; rather it belongs to the class of itself. Additionally, the class name can be used to call the static code function during development. 




public class MathUtils {


    public static int add(int x, int y) {


        return x + y;






Students can call thе ‘add’ mеthod as MathUtils.add(1, 2) which will return the output as 3.


18. In Java, what can be defined as an Abstract Class?

A class that is not able to be instantiated on its own is called abstract. In other words, it frequently serves as a base class for additional classes. It may also have abstract methods, or methods without a framework, which its subclasses are required to implement. 


19. What is the meaning of Interface?

In Java, an interface specifies a set of procedures that classes that implement it must follow. Since a class can implement multiple interfaces, it is a means to achieve multiple inheritance in Java.


20. How Is multithreading code supported by Java?

Java is renowned for enabling multithreading. Consequently, this enables users to operate many threads simultaneously. The “thread” class, coordination, and other thread-related classes and interfaces can all help achieve this while developing in Java.

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