What is OWASP? Top 10 Vulnerability in OWASP

  • By Rajat Sharma
  • June 30, 2023
  • Cyber Security
What is OWASP? Top 10 Vulnerability in OWASP

What is OWASP? Top 10 Vulnerability in OWASP

The OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project) Top 10 is a regularly updated list of the most critical security risks facing web applications. It serves as a guide for developers, security professionals, and organizations to prioritize and address common vulnerabilities that can be exploited by attackers. Below, I’ll provide a detailed explanation of What is OWASP? Top 10 Vulnerability in OWASP

For Free Demo classes Call: 020 7117 2515

Registration Link: Click Here!

  • Injection:

Injection flaws occur when untrusted data is sent to an interpreter as part of a command or query, leading to unintended commands or data manipulation. Common examples include SQL injection, OS command injection, and LDAP injection.

  • Broken Authentication:

This vulnerability refers to flaws in the authentication and session management functions of a web application. It includes issues like weak passwords, session fixation, session hijacking, and insufficiently protected credentials, which can allow attackers to gain unauthorized access to user accounts.

  • Sensitive Data Exposure:

Sensitive Data Exposure occurs when an application fails to properly protect sensitive information such as passwords, credit card numbers, or personal data. This vulnerability can arise due to inadequate encryption, weak hashing algorithms, or not using secure channels for data transmission.

  • XML External Entities (XXE):

XXE vulnerabilities occur when an application processes XML input insecurely, allowing the inclusion of external entities or remote content. Attackers can exploit this to read files on the server, perform SSRF attacks, or execute arbitrary code.

  • Broken Access Control:

Broken Access Control refers to flaws that enable attackers to bypass or subvert access controls, allowing unauthorized users to access restricted functionality or data. This can happen due to misconfigured permissions, missing authorization checks, or insecure direct object references (IDOR).

  • Security Misconfigurations:

Security Misconfigurations involve insecurely configured servers, frameworks, or application components. These vulnerabilities arise from default settings, incomplete or ad hoc configurations, and the presence of debug information or error messages, making it easier for attackers to exploit the system.

Note: Gain practical skills, learn cutting-edge techniques, and become a certified ethical hacker (CEH) with SevenMentor by enrolling the Ethical Hacking Course in Pune

  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS):

XSS occurs when an application doesn’t properly validate or sanitize user-provided input, allowing attackers to inject malicious scripts into web pages viewed by other users. This can lead to session hijacking, defacement of web pages, or stealing sensitive information.

  • Insecure Deserialization:

Insecure Deserialization vulnerabilities arise when an application receives and processes serialized objects from untrusted sources without proper validation, potentially leading to remote code execution, replay attacks, or privilege escalation.

  • Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities:

Using outdated or vulnerable third-party libraries, frameworks, or software components in an application can expose it to known security flaws. Attackers actively scan for such vulnerabilities, making it crucial to keep all components up to date and apply security patches promptly.

  • Insufficient Logging and Monitoring:

Insufficient logging and monitoring can hinder the timely detection of security incidents and make it difficult to investigate and respond to attacks. Proper logging, alerting, and security monitoring are crucial to identify suspicious activities and respond effectively to potential breaches.

For Free Demo classes Call: 020 7117 2515

Registration Link: Click Here!

It’s important to note that while the OWASP Top 10 provides a valuable starting point for web application security, it is not an exhaustive list. Developers and security professionals should always consider other relevant vulnerabilities and apply best practices to ensure comprehensive security measures

Mitigating web application attacks

Mitigating web application attacks involves implementing various security measures to protect the application from potential threats. Join Ethical Hacking Training in Pune Noew and master the art of cybersecurity to protect against evolving threats

 Here are some key steps to mitigate web application attacks:

  • Input validation and output encoding: Implement robust input validation mechanisms to ensure that user-supplied data is properly validated, sanitized, and encoded. This prevents common attacks such as cross-site scripting (XSS) and SQL injection.
  • Secure coding practices: Follow secure coding practices, such as input validation, proper error handling, and secure storage of sensitive information. Avoid using deprecated or insecure functions and libraries.
  • Use parameterized queries or prepared statements: When interacting with databases, use parameterized queries or prepared statements to prevent SQL injection attacks. This helps ensure that user input is treated as data rather than executable code.
  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) protection: Implement measures to prevent XSS attacks, such as output encoding, using security headers like Content Security Policy (CSP), and sanitizing user-generated content to remove or neutralize potentially malicious scripts.
  • Session management: Employ strong session management techniques, including secure session storage, random and unique session IDs, session expiration, and session token regeneration on authentication changes.
  • Authentication and authorization: Implement secure authentication mechanisms, such as strong password policies, multi-factor authentication (MFA), and protection against brute-force attacks. Additionally, enforce proper authorization controls to ensure that users can only access resources they are authorized to use.
  • Security patches and updates: Regularly update and patch the web application, frameworks, libraries, and underlying server software to protect against known vulnerabilities. Stay informed about security advisories and apply patches promptly.
  • Web application firewall (WAF): Employ a web application firewall to filter out malicious traffic and protect against common attacks. A WAF can detect and block suspicious requests, such as SQL injection attempts or cross-site scripting attacks.
  • Secure configuration management: Ensure that the web server, application server, and database server are configured securely. Disable unnecessary services, use secure protocols (e.g., HTTPS), and apply appropriate access controls.
  • Regular security testing: Perform regular security assessments, including vulnerability scanning and penetration testing, to identify and address any vulnerabilities or weaknesses in the application.
  • User awareness and training: Educate users about potential web application threats, such as phishing attacks and social engineering techniques. Promote strong password practices, encourage reporting of suspicious activities, and provide security awareness training to users.

For Free Demo classes Call: 020 7117 2515

Registration Link: Click Here!

Logging and monitoring: Implement logging mechanisms to track and monitor application activity. Analyze logs for signs of potential attacks or abnormal behavior, and set up real-time monitoring and alerts to detect and respond to security incidents promptly.

Do watch our video on Cyber Security

It’s important to note that web application security is an ongoing process, and a layered approach that combines multiple security measures is crucial to effectively mitigate attacks and protect your application and its users.


Rajat Sharma

Call the Trainer and Book your free demo Class For Cyber Security Call now!!!
| SevenMentor Pvt Ltd.

© Copyright 2021 | SevenMentor Pvt Ltd.

Submit Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *