Learn Weekdays in German

  • By Siddhi Ghale
  • April 23, 2024
  • German Language
Learn Weekdays in German

Learn Weekdays in German

Learn weekdays in German effortlessly with our comprehensive guide. Master the names and pronunciation of each day of the week in German to enhance your language skills and cultural understanding


Day Pronunciation English equivalent

Montag     MOHN-tahk   Monday

Dienstag   DEENS-tahk   Tuesday

Mittwoch    MEET-vuk Wednesday

Donnerstag  DOHN-ners-tahk Thursday

Freitag       FRAI-tahk       Friday

Samstag    ZAHMZ-tahk       Saturday

Sonntag      ZOHN-tahk     Sunday

How to Remember the German Days of The Week

The German days of the week each have a clear origin, and these can help you remember their names.

Montag is named after the moon, Mond in German. Why does this sound familiar? Oh yes, Monday.

Dienstag is named for the old Germanic god Týr, god of war. The English day Tuesday also shares this namesake.

Mittwoch is a literal word for “mid-week”. You’ve got to love how straightforward some of the German words are! Mastering numbers in German is essential for everyday communication and navigating daily life. 

Donnerstag means “day of thunder” and is named after Donar, the god of war in old Germanic mythology. Donar is better known by his Norse name, Thor.

Freitag is named for Frige, the goddess of marriage and motherhood. This is easy to remember because of its similarity to its English equivalent, Friday. Frei also means free in German, so you can think of the freedom that comes with starting the weekend.

Samstag comes from the Old High German sambatztag, which means day of Sabbath or rest.

Interesting fact: in northeastern Germany, you may hear the word Sonnabend used instead of Samstag. This literally means “Sunday eve” and is mainly used by older generations as youth embrace the more popular Samstag.

Sonntag literally means “day of the sun”, just like Sunday in English.


Other Useful German Day Words

German word Meaning

Tag                     day

Woche                     week

Wochenende weekend

Gestern         yesterday

heute                 today

morgen  tomorrow

Morgen morning

Mittag               midday

Abend         evening

Nacht                   night

How to use the German days in everyday life: all your questions, answered

Using vocabulary is never just translating word for word, like it is in many language classes.

Use these context and grammar tips to help you master using German days in real life.

What gender are days of the week in German?

All days of the week in German are masculine: der Montag or ein Donnerstag, for example.

Because of this, you can use am before a day to mean occurring on that day. For example, am Sonntag means on Sunday.

Should you capitalise days of the week in German?

Like most German nouns, days of the week are capitalised in most cases. The only exception to this is if you are describing a habit or recurring action that you take every week on that day. In this case, the day is not capitalised and adds an ‘s’ to become plural.

For example:

Ich esse freitags mit Freunden.

I eat out with friends on Fridays.

To say you will eat out with friends this Friday, you would say Ich esse am Freitag mit Freunden.

How are dates written in Germany?

One important note for any Americans reading this is that Europeans write their dates out day, month, year instead of month, day, year.

So, Christmas Eve 2022 would be written 24.12.2022. instead of 12.24.2022. Just remember, the units of time go from smallest to largest.


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Werktage vs. Wochenende

Wochentage means days of the week, but it can also mean weekdays depending on the context. Each week is broken out into two parts: werktage and wochenende.

Wochenende literally means “week end” like its English translation. There are several ways to describe the working days of Montag bis Freitag (Monday through Friday), including unter der Woche, Arbeitstage or Werktage.

Morgen Morgen?

You might have noticed that the word for morning is Morgen and the word for tomorrow is also morgen.

This isn’t a typo!

If you think about it, it makes some sense, but can still be confusing to learn. There are some subtle differences between the two words and how they are used:

der Morgen (the morning)

How to use it:

Am Morgen…

In the morning…

morgen (tomorrow)

How to use it: Used as a lower-case adverb to describe when something will happen.

For example:

Ich gehe morgen…

Tomorrow, I’m going…

das Morgen (tomorrow)

How to use it: Tomorrow in the sense of the future.

For example:

Das Morgen ist ungeschrieben.

Tomorrow is unwritten.

So, how do you say tomorrow morning?

In many cases, this is redundant. You would simply say am Morgen (early morning) or am Vormittag (late morning).

If a distinction is needed, you might say Morgen früh, which means tomorrow morning or first thing in the morning.

Now you know all about the German days of the week

With all this new knowledge, you’re ready to go out and book coffee dates, sign up for boat tours, and do anything else that requires intimate knowledge of how to say ‘Monday’.

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Siddhi Ghale
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