Most Frequently Asked HTML and CSS Questions

  • By Onkar Nagarkar
  • January 31, 2024
  • Web Development
Most Frequently Asked HTML and CSS Questions

Most Frequently Asked HTML and CSS Questions

Entering the world of web development is an exciting journey, and interviews play a crucial role in securing your dream job. For front-end developers, proficiency in HTML and CSS is non-negotiable. In this blog post, we’ll explore the most frequently asked HTML and CSS Questions, helping you prepare and shine in your next job interview.

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HTML Questions:

a. What is HTML, and what does it stand for?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.

b. What are the new features in HTML5?

HTML5 introduces several new features, including the <video>, <audio>, and <canvas> elements, as well as new semantic elements like <article>, <section>, and <nav>.

c. What is the purpose of the alt attribute in an image tag?

The alt attribute provides alternative text for an image, which is displayed if the image cannot be loaded. It also improves accessibility for users with visual impairments.

d. Explain the difference between block and inline elements.

Block elements start on a new line and take up the full width available, while inline elements do not start on a new line and only take up as much width as necessary.

e. What is the purpose of the <head> tag in HTML?

The <head> tag contains meta-information about the HTML document, such as the title, character set, and linked stylesheets.

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CSS Questions:

a. What is CSS, and how does it differ from HTML?

CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a style sheet language used for describing the look and formatting of a document written in HTML. While HTML defines the structure, CSS defines the presentation.

b. Explain the box model in CSS.

The box model consists of content, padding, border, and margin. It defines how elements are rendered on the web page by specifying their dimensions and spacing.

  1. Differentiate between margin and padding.

Margin is the space outside the border of an element, while padding is the space between the content and the element’s border.

d. What is the significance of z-index in CSS?

The z-index property controls the stacking order of elements. Elements with a higher z-index value are stacked above those with a lower value.

e. Explain the concept of CSS specificity.

Specificity determines which CSS rule is applied when there are conflicting styles. It is based on the combination of selectors used in a rule.

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Mastering HTML and CSS is a fundamental requirement for any front-end developer, and being well-prepared for interview questions in these languages is essential. By understanding these frequently asked questions, you’ll not only demonstrate your technical proficiency but also showcase your ability to create well-structured and visually appealing web pages. Good luck in your next interview!



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